Saturday, April 25, 2015

Meet a College Student who Ditched the Dorms to Live in the Woods

College is expensive. Between soaring textbook prices, expensive meal plans, and weekend beer runs, it’s enough to make anyone reconsider the value of that college degree. But one senior at Pennsylvania’s Juniata College has found a creative way to cut down on the costs: He’s ditched the dorms to live in the woods.
For the past 10 months, Dylan Miller, 22, has been redefining “off-campus” living by residing in a rudimentary 17-by-17-foot shelter he built himself on a nature reserve near his school.
And while most eager students are working toward a degree to avoid, well, having to live in the woods, Miller says his lifestyle is totally by design.
“I was ‘that guy’ on campus before, but now I’m definitely that guy!” he laughs.

The literary and philosophical studies student says his shelter was inspired by a longstanding interest in survival and primitive camping; he’d actually spent his junior year living out of his car and sleeping in a nearby cave. “Saving money was a side effect,” he explains. “But mostly it was in order to discipline myself.” Miller found that the longer he lived without societal comforts like indoor plumbing, Netflix, and an extensive wardrobe, the happier he felt. So when his dad joked that he follow in the footsteps of his literary heroes and go live in the woods, Miller decided to do just that.
“I grew up in the woods,” he says. “When I was younger I used to read stories like ‘My Side of the Mountain’ and ‘Hatchet.’ I was really influenced by Chris McCandless’ story in ‘Into the Wild.’”

Walking through the woods approximately 30 minutes from campus, Miller stumbled across a sparse area of woodland with a small patch of grass. “It felt very comfortable,” he remembers. “Something about that spot made me want to build there.”
But first, he’d have to convince school officials his idea was plausible—and safe. He submitted a 21-page proposal addressing concerns about sanitation and his general well being, as well as the logistics of building his shelter and the educational value. He called his project “Content with Nothing,” and once approved, he got to work.

Miller says it took him an entire summer to build the shelter, armed only with a handsaw and basic building materials. He chopped down dead standing pine trees for the hut’s foundation, used rope to construct windows, and ordered a $200 tarp for his roof when he ran out of time to use natural materials. “Almost everything in the shelter is something I found or already had,” he says. “The wooden floor is made out of floorboards from a friend’s barn. I made a desk out of wood, a table, a bed. It’s quite cozy in there. I wanted it to look like a student was living there, so it’s kind of set up like a dorm.”

Still, life in the woods is obviously a far cry from life in the dorms. Miller admits that winter was difficult at first; his small propane heater can warm up the shelter only 20 degrees from whatever the outside temperature is. But Miller insists his body quickly acclimated to the extreme Northeast winter. “It got to the point where I only put on pants once this winter,” he laughs. “For some reason, my body became a furnace.” In fact, besides the occasional visits from a curious bear, the most difficult aspect of shelter life for Miller has been all the attention his story has garnered—that, and the food: “Rice and beans gets pretty old.”

Miller spends his nights sipping tea and studying by candlelight, his mornings lugging supplies up the steep uphill hike from campus. His friends occasionally make the trek out for weekend bonfires. Sounds idyllic, right? But it begs the question: Doesn’t Miller miss that quintessential college experience of dorm life?
“Sometimes I do,” he admits. “But I think the quintessential college experience is seeing yourself change. That’s what’s important: to look back on where you started and measure definitively how you’ve changed. I think that’s the function of college in a lot of ways.”

Pocket Shark Discovery is only the Second ever Seen

A pocket shark—the rarest of sharks with only one specimen ever seen before—has been discovered by scientists, and in the most unusual way.
A male pocket shark measuring 5.5 inches long was collected during a 2010 midwater trawl survey 190 miles south of Louisiana by NOAA/NMFS Southeast Fisheries Science Center while studying prey of sperm whales.
The dead specimen was collected with other sea creatures, bagged up and stored in a giant freezer at NOAA’s lab in Pascagoula, Mississippi, until they could be identified, according to the Associated Press.
NOAA fisheries biologist Mark Grace, lead author on a just released study, has spent more than 30 years going through bags of fish to identify them. It took him three years before coming across the pocket shark.
Associated Press called it a small miracle that the pocket shark hadn’t been tossed out after NOAA’s freezer lost power a couple of times.
“I wasn’t really sure what it was,” Grace told the Associated Press. “That pocket over on the pectoral fin, I had never seen anything like that on a shark.”
Grace recruited Michael Doosey and Henry Bart, Tulane University researchers, and NOAA Ocean Service genetics expert Gavin Naylor to help him study the rare sea creature, the results of which were published Wednesday in Zootaxa.
“It’s cute,” Doosey told the Associated Press. “It almost looks like a little whale.”
The specimen, determined to have just been born, was identified and subsequently sent to New York and France for high-tech examinations.
The first pocket shark was found 36 years ago on the Naska Submarine Ridge in 1,083 feet of water in the southeast Pacific Ocean off Peru. The female specimen is 17 inches long and is currently housed in a Russian museum.
The latest pocket shark will be part of the Royal D. Suttkus Fish Collection at Tulane University’s Biodiversity Research Institute in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.
“Discovering him has us thinking about where mom and dad may be, and how they got to the Gulf [of Mexico],” Grace said in a statement on NOAA’s site.  “The only other known specimen was found very far away, off Peru…
“There’s others,” he added via Associated Press. “We just haven’t caught them yet.”

Huge Magma Chamber Found deeply Buried in Yellowstone

Pope Francis himself has said he realizes he may be a target but that he fears mostly for the innocent crowds who come to see him every time he's in public.
"We are all exposed and we are all afraid," said the Vatican secretary of state, Pietro Parolin. "But the pope is very calm for this, it's enough to watch him meeting people with great clarity and serenity."

The investigation was launched in 2005, but Mura said it was slowed when news of the investigation leaked to the media, alerting the suspects that they were being watched. He also said the process of translating the wiretaps was painstaking.
Authorities said some of five of the suspects were responsible for plotting "numerous bloody acts of terrorism in Pakistan," including the October 2009 explosion in a market in Peshawar in which more than 100 people died. That attack happened on the same day that then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited the Pakistani capital, Islamabad, Mura noted.

Some of the suspects were also suspected of organizing attacks against Pakistani police and security forces that were carried out between March 2011 and November 2011, leaving five people dead, Mura said.
The terror ring also was a source of funding for terror operations in Pakistan, gathering donations from the Pakistani and Afghan community in Italy. It also illegally smuggled into Italy Pakistani and Afghani citizens who arrived by plane with false papers.
One of the suspects arrested Friday had a construction business in Sardinia that participated in work for a Group of Eight summit planned for Sardinia but that was later moved to quake-stricken Aquilia, in Abruzzo to boost reconstruction. Another was an imam in the northern province of Bergamo.
Mura also said some of the suspects had very close ties to al Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, and that wiretaps included phone calls inquiring about his health. Two were part of bin Laden's security detail, a press release said.
Police said the aim of the terror network was to create an insurrection against the Pakistani government.

Friday, April 24, 2015

Italian Authorities: Terror Suspects planned Vatican Attack

Islamic extremists suspected in a bomb attack in a Pakistani market that killed more than 100 people had also planned an attack against the Vatican in 2010 that was never carried out, an Italian prosecutor said Friday.

The alleged foiled plot, known to authorities for years, was revealed as prosecutors announced the results of a decade-long investigation into an Italy-based terror network that aimed to stop Pakistan's actions against the Taliban. Police arrested nine suspects related to the probe Friday throughout Italy. Another nine were being sought, three of whom were believed to still be in the country.
Wiretaps collected as part of the investigation gave "signals of some preparation for a possible attack" at the Vatican, prosecutor Mauro Mura told a news conference in Cagliari, Sardinia. That included the arrival in Rome of a Pakistani suicide bomber, Mura said.

The Pakistani eventually left Italy, Mura said, without explaining why. The Italian news agency ANSA reported that there were two suicide bombers and that they were warned off by their associates in Italy when police began executing search warrants in the wider investigation of the Italy-based Islamic terror network.
The Vatican downplayed the significance of the alleged plot.
"From what it appears, this concerns a hypothesis that dates from 2010 which didn't occur. It has therefore no relevance today and no reason for particular concern," said the Rev. Federico Lombardi, the Vatican spokesman.

At the time of the suspected plot to bomb the Vatican, Pope Benedict XVI was still reeling from the effects in the Muslim world of a 2006 speech in Regensburg, Germany, in which he quoted a Byzantine emperor who characterized some of the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as "evil and inhuman," particularly "his command to spread by the sword the faith."
While relations with the Muslim world were eventually repaired, tensions flared again in 2011 when Cairo's al-Azhar institute, the pre-eminent theological school of Sunni Islam, suspended interfaith talks with the Vatican after Benedict called for greater protections for Egypt's minority Christians.
More recently, Italian officials have made clear they take seriously the threat of the Islamic State group to conquer Rome and the seat of Christianity. Security has been beefed up at the Vatican and the head of the Swiss Guards has said they are ready but that they have no information about an imminent threat.